It even experiences heavy snow fall during the winter months. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. Agro-Climatic Zone: The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has divided the farming zone into 4 parts based on climatic zone. The weather of Himachal alters with the change of altitude. A research conducted by the US National Science Foundation, analysed the impact of climate change on the production of apples in Himachal Pradesh. 38° C in June; Min. Snowfall at elevations of about 3000mtrs is about 3mtrs and lasts from December to March. Himachal Pradesh is the second largest apple producing state in India, right after Jammu and Kashmir. Himachal Pradesh To understand climate change and its impact on the Himalayan Eco-System by developing and implementing mountain spicific adaptation plans based on vulnerability,risk scenario and by enhancing capacity of all stake holders to combat the threat of climate change. It is the time … Streams begin to swell and springs are replenished. Dharamsala has the highest rainfall of 3400mm. Himachal Pradesh witnesses the summer season right from the beginning of March which ends till June. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Climate data and weather averages in Shimla. It also compares the apple farmers’ knowledge of climate change to that of the scientists. In the hill stations, the climate is pleasant and comfortable.The rains start at the end of June. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. In Himachal Pradesh, the per capita cultivated land is only 0.12 hectares while per capita irrigated land is a meager 0.02 hectares. Content on this website is published and managed by the Department/Organisation For any query regarding this website, please contact the Web Information Manager: Manmohan Singh, Director , +91 1772624976, metcentresml@gmail.com Designed, Developed and Hosted by NIC Himachal Pradesh The basic pattern of weather in Himachal Pradesh are governed by the following systems. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal This study is based on a combination of primary and … Spiti is the driest area (below 50mm rainfall) being enclosed by high mountains on all sides. Summers (March-June) – 22 °C to 37°C . By October, nights and mornings are very cold. Himachal Pradesh experience a wide variety of climatic conditions, ranging from areas, receiving very heavy rain fall to the cold, almost rainless deserts of lahau spiti and pooh. The rains start at the end of June. Copyright Suni Systems (P) Ltd, 2000 - 2021. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical in the southern tracts to cold, … There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. The varied physiographic and climatic conditions have given rise to diverse natural ecosystems such as forests, grasslands and pastures, rivers, lakes, wetlands and glaciers. Annual Weather Averages in Amritsar Airport. Himachal Pradesh has many perennial snow-fed rivers and streams, in addition to four major watercourses. This paper examines the social-economic impacts of climate change by focusing on how apple farmers in the Shimla district of the Western Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh in India have been experiencing climate change and responding to it. The main season is the spring from mid- Feb to March-April. Climate data and weather averages in Manali. The temperature varies from 0 … Commercial floriculture perfectly caters to this necessity. IMPACT OF VARYING CLIMATE CONDITIONS ON APPLE A CASE STUDY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH @inproceedings{Bhattacharya2018IMPACTOV, title={IMPACT OF VARYING CLIMATE CONDITIONS ON APPLE A CASE STUDY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH}, author={B. Bhattacharya and … Draining the western part of Himachal Pradesh are the Chenab (Chandra-Bhaga), Ravi, and Beas rivers, which have their source in the Great Himalayas. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical to warm and temperate to cool and temperate to cold alpine and glacial in different parts of the state. Colourful flowers adorn the valleys, forest slopes and meadows. Well I'm planning to visit shimla from 21-25 Aug.. is weather favourable to visit shimla or there are chances of heavy rain as is the case at present SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. It varies from hot and sub-humid There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). comfortable. There is great variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to extreme variation in elevation. temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) In summer temperature generally ranges between 20C and 40C At certain places the temperature as high as 45 degrees on a summer day. different agro climatic conditions . RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation (350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, cold, alpine … Spiti In general, the area above 4000 m The air is cool and fresh. Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh. July-August is rainy season. The eastern portion of the state is drained primarily by the Sutlej River, which rises in Tibet. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. Water storage in Himachal Pradesh is estimated at around 14000 million m3 comprised of 387 km3 ice reserves within 4160 km2 area (Anonymous, 2010b). Patiala is 68 miles from Shimla, so the actual climate in Shimla can vary a bit. The climate varies across the state with the altitude. Climate There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. The climate of Himachal Pradesh varies from semi-tropical to semi-arctic. All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: slopes and meadows. Used to protect the head from the intense cold of the Himalayas, this cap is woven and stitched as a squat cylinder and is part of the signature look of the Pahari people. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in … The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. Colourful flowers adorn the valleys, forest It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. on all sides. ), where climatic conditions are mild throughout the year, i.e., pleasant summers, mild winters and medium rain falls. DOI: 10.22623/ijapsa.2018.4011.gp2po Corpus ID: 212486094. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. landslides. SR.NO SEASON PERIOD TYPE […] is the driest area (below 50mm rainfall) being enclosed by high mountains The summer season makes people from different parts of the world visit Himachal as the place offers a great climate to be in. A change due to global warming is nothing new. Therefore, for the rest of the year, there is water shortage and agriculture requires irrigation. About 4500mtrs, is perpetual snow. In the hill stations, the climate is pleasant and The air is cool and fresh. The annual rainfall of Himachal Pradesh is 2909 to 3800 mm. As Himachal Pradesh is a state with a cold climate, the people here have a healthy appreciation for woolen clothes, including caps, scarves, shawls, sweaters and more. Nowadays Himachal Pradesh’s agriculture sector has adopted a diversification method that focuses on the production of off-season vegetables that are potato, soybean, ginger, oilseed, and pulses. in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in elevation. In the first climatic zone i.e., up to height of 4,000 ft. (1200 m approx. There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). The heavy rains in July and August cause damage to erosion, floods and landslides.Dharamshala has the highest rainfall of 3400mm. The most well known of these is the Himachali woolen cap. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. The entire landscape Climate change and global warming have been a reason for many such issues in the … There is great diversification in the climatic conditions of Himachal due to variation in elevation (450-6500mtrs). Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. All Rights Reserved. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, … The heavy rains in July and August cause damage to erosion, floods and Amritsar Airport is 143 miles from Manali, so the actual climate in Manali can vary a bit. Whereas the summer rains have shown increasing trends (Rathore et al., 2013). July to … Flora of this region is similar to that of Tarai belt. Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. Clothing Heavy woolens in winters and light woolens or cotton cloths in summers Temperature Max. 0° C in Jan. Climatically the year is divided into the following four seasons in District Kangra. Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. 1(b). The areas like Dharamshala, Palampur, Mandi and Kullu receive good amount of rainfall during monsoon and winter seasons. natural fresh water resources. Best season to Visit January to June; September to December. This is what one must know about the weather conditions that prevail during different seasons in Himachal Pradesh. Fig. A wide range of mountainous agro climatic conditions serve as rich repositories of large number of horticultural commodities like fruit crops (Sub tropical to temperate), flowers, vegetables, mushrooms, hops, tea, medicinal and aromatic plants. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. 1. The entire landscape becomes green and fresh. becomes green and fresh. tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and This situation necessitates a cropping pattern that would ensure highest income per unit area/ labour/ investment. The special characteristics of this zone are absence of snow fall. The main season is the spring from mid- Feb to March-April. Major River Basins and Drainage lines (rivers) of Himachal Pradesh. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. Streams begin to swell and springs are replenished. Himachal Pradesh is bestowed with 3295 species of plants and 5721 species animals (Kaisth and Sharma undated). 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