0000003679 00000 n Indigenous people are overrepresented in Canada's criminal justice system as both victims and as people accused or convicted of crime. 1st strand views Aboriginal cultures as inherently violent, 2nd strand comes close to cultural conflict theory. For the issue of overrepresentation of Indigenous people in the CJS, Justice Canada and the SCC provided the young people with data that demonstrated Indigenous overrepresentation in Canada’s CJS, both as offenders and victims of crime. 0000004605 00000 n The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples2 notes that the current Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. This preview shows page 5 - 8 out of 12 pages. 0000000755 00000 n These explanations include: cultural theories, the colonial model, the trauma transmission, : examine the traits or way of life of a group to explain their involvement in the. The rate of violent victimization among Indigenous people was more than double that of non-Indigenous people (163 incidents per 1,000 people vs. 74). National data that does exist to identify Indigenous people in the criminal justice system include the General Social Survey (GSS) on self … The Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada—First Nations, Inuit and Metis people, on-reserve and off-, urban and rural—in all territorial and governmental jurisdictions. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) identified three viable explanations, each of which has a degree of currency in government thinking and academic literature: colonialism, socio-economic marginalization, and culture clash. %PDF-1.3 %âãÏÓ Aboriginal peoples are the most over-represented ethnicity in Canada’s criminal justice system. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. The principal reason for this crushing failure is the fundamentally different world views of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people with š %ÁEBŽCT|¨#ŠÚºÈ žrÂô¨Øõ%äÀ Why are aboriginal peoples overrepresented in the Criminal Justice System? 0000005888 00000 n “:ë©Z¤­'¡ÐQ³±Ó¢››TœÊÆVÚZǶ³žÝïÔsöWÿÛ;É˽÷sïç~î÷û¾ï!D"$Q Bħ( How can we transform Canada’s criminal justice system to better address Indigenous over-representation? 0000006286 00000 n There are laws, including in the Criminal Code, the Youth Criminal Justice Act, and provincial Family Services … The Criminal Code considers the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the Canadian criminal justice system. Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian Criminal Justice System Aboriginal people, Aboriginal Peoples and the Canadian Criminal Justice System, Aboriginal people are overrepresented in the criminal justice system, They make up a higher fraction of the prison population, In youth custody, there is an overrepresentation of female Aboriginals, Problems that people might face when confronting Aboriginal people in the criminal justice, Accused aboriginals are more likely to be denied bail, Aboriginal people spend more time in pre- trial detention, Aboriginal people are more likely to be accused for multiple offences and for crimes, Aboriginal people are more likely not to have any kind of representation in proceedings, Aboriginal clients spend less time with their clients, Aboriginal offenders are more than twice as likely to be imprisoned than non- Aboriginal, Aboriginal elders are not given the same status as prison priests, Aboriginal people often plead guilty because they are scared by the court's proceedings, Recent report where office of the correctional investigator stated that, Aboriginal offenders serve an unequal amount of their sentence behind bars before they, Aboriginal offenders are underrepresented in community supervision populations and, overrepresented in maximum security institutions, Aboriginal people are more likely to return to prison in revocation of parole, Aboriginal people are unequally involved in use of force interventions, self- injurious, The number of Aboriginal women in prisons has increase by 80%. 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